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Road Construction, Maintenance, Rehabilitation and Storm Water Drainage Training

This highly interactive three-day course will provide participants with the necessary information on planning, managing investigation works prior to commencement of major site works in road construction and maintenance.


Roads and highways are the primary means of travel and trade among communities, and they play a vital role in integrating economic activities into local life. Civil infrastructure systems represent huge public investments and are expected to provide services for very long periods of time. The road sector faces huge challenges. To minimize downtime of roads for maintenance activities, the overall quality of road construction has to be upgraded.  The time slots available for repair and rehabilitation works are becoming tighter and tighter, which means that maintenance techniques have to speed up.


Proper road construction and maintenance contributes to reliable transport at reduced cost, as there is a direct link between road condition and vehicle operating costs. An improperly maintained road can also represent an increased safety hazard to the user, leading to more accidents, with their associated human and property costs. Road construction and maintenance have specific needs, standards and objectives that need to be met.


Therefore, this highly interactive three-day course will provide participants with the necessary information on planning, managing investigation works prior to commencement of major site works in road construction and maintenance. The course will introduce participants to the principles of use and maintaining basic hand tools, preparing a road surface and placing by hand asphalt roads, earthworks layer works and drainage. Participants will also be able to understand and explain basic earthmoving methods, earthworks, layer works and drainage works, road finishing works and road maintenance works.

Course Objectives

  • Understand terms and words used in road construction
  • Gain knowledge on various aspects of road construction with practical aspects highlighted
  • Understand compaction techniques and bulking of materials
  • Learn relevant and current application methods
  • Gain knowledge on asphalt materials and properties
  • Requirements of asphalt used in road construction and general guidelines of asphalt construction
  • Gain knowledge on the premix asphalt surfacing process
  • Describe the role of road maintenance in the broad context of provision, classification and cost-effective applications
  • Understand the importance of adequate drainage and the effects on road maintenance
  • Gain knowledge of safe working practices, identification and use of protective clothing and equipment
  • Practical applications and preparations to paint road symbols using a spray gun
  • Understand the criteria where guardrails are erected and their contribution to safety

Who is this Training Course for?

This course is a must for any Personnel or Municipal Worker who works in the construction and maintenance of roads including:

  • Persons who wish to broaden their knowledge and understanding of aspects of road construction and maintenance
  • Municipal workers out of various sections who must start to understand road construction and maintenance
  • Civil Consulting Engineers/Technicians
  • Contractors
  • Construction Inspectors and Supervisors
  • Road Maintenance Supervisors
  • Relevant Government Departments
  • Foremen and Artisans

The Course Content

Day 1

08:00 Registration & Refreshments      


08:20 Welcome & Introduction


Session 1: 08:30

Introduction to Road Construction

  • Defining terms and words used in road construction
  • Requirements of a good road
  • Preconditions for Road Building and Maintenance
  • Resources and basic components of road construction
  • Lists of TRH, TMH, UTG Documents
  • Road reserve explained
  • Roadbed explained with visuals


Session 2: Road Construction Process


  • Construction management overview
  • Technical Planning and management of road construction process
  • Duties and Job description of road workers
  • Traffic loads design and volumes
  • Design for maintenance
  • Required materials for road construction
  • Clearing the pathway for the road
  • Preparation of gravel roads
  • Grubbing and stripping of topsoil
  • Boulder removal


Session 3: Technical Aspects of Road


  • Types of Materials for Construction and Maintenance
  • Safety Aspects of Materials
  • Quality Assurance and Testing
  • Effect of Weather on Roads


The Construction Process- Execution

  • Reading from plans and Drawing
  • Visual Assessment
  • Layer works
  • Confined and Restricted Areas
  • Water handling
  • Subsoil Drains


Session 4: Road Drainage

  • Definitions of drain systems
  • Importance of good drainage roadway systems
  • Types of drainage structures and their uses
  • Subsurface drains
  • Catch-water drains
  • Miter drains
  • Scour checks
  • Culverts and their gradient and angles
  • Installation of culvert pipes and other structures
  • Problems caused by improper drainage 
  • Ways to solve these problems

Drainage system maintenance


16:00 End of Day One



Day 2


8:00 Registration & Refreshments


Session 5: Completing final layers of gravel road

  • Off-loading of gravel
  • Compaction of gravel
  • Pave only when ready



Session 6: Asphalt Roads

  • Principles and properties of Asphalt
  • Paving asphalt is water repellent
  • Asphalt used in road construction
  • General guidelines for asphalt construction
  • Preparation of paving asphalt mixtures
  • Asphalt transport and safe handling
  • Paver tractor and screed units



Session 7: Safe working Practices

  • Road construction and Maintenance hazards
  • Physical hazards
  • Chemical hazards
  • Reducing the risk during the road construction
  • Use of road signs in road construction and maintenance
  • Flagging guidelines


Session 8: Road Maintenance

  • Road conditions and Road Safety
  • Road maintenance activities
  • Classification of maintenance

o   Routine maintenance

o   Recurrent maintenance

o   Periodic maintenance

o   Urgent Maintenance

  • Maintaining gravel roads
  • Characteristics of well-maintained gravel road
  • Gravel Road Maintenance problems

o   Riding surface

  • Crown

o   Washboard

o   Potholes

o   Drainage problems

  • Methods to repair gravel roads

o   Repairing problem areas

o   Patching

o   Grading the surface

o   Secondary ditches

o   Grading ditches and drains

  • Optimum Timing/conditions for maintenance


16:00 End of Day Two



Day 3


8:00 Registration & Refreshments


Session 9: Principles of Asphalt Pavement Distress


  • General repairs
  • Types of asphalt road maintenance

o   Rutting and transverse cracks

o   Edge damage

o   Patches and potholes

  • Patches and pothole repair techniques
  • Asphalt surface patching
  • Steps for surface patch repair for potholes
  • Pothole repair failures


Session 10 Road Furnishing and Ancillary Works

  • Road signs
  • Minor Concrete Structures
  • Drainage
  • Erosion Protection
  • Guard Rails and Finishing
  • Drainage Maintenance
  • Structure Maintenance
  • Traffic Facilities Maintenance
  • Road Reserve Maintenance

Session 11 Road Safety

  • Safety Issues
  • Policies and procedures
  • Traffic management


Session 12 New Technology and Sustainability

  • New Technology
  • Sustainability


Rehabilitation and Recycling


Session 13: Painting Road Symbols

  • Types of Road markings
  • Instructions for applying road markings
  • Pavement making removal
  • Safety guidelines when painting roads
  • Conclusion and group work


16:00 End of Day Three    


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